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php5  5.3.10
Functions
update.c File Reference
#include "sqliteInt.h"

Go to the source code of this file.

Functions

void sqliteUpdate (Parse *pParse, SrcList *pTabList, ExprList *pChanges, Expr *pWhere, int onError)

Function Documentation

void sqliteUpdate ( Parse pParse,
SrcList pTabList,
ExprList pChanges,
Expr pWhere,
int  onError 
)

Definition at line 26 of file update.c.

 {
  int i, j;              /* Loop counters */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table to be updated */
  int loopStart;         /* VDBE instruction address of the start of the loop */
  int jumpInst;          /* Addr of VDBE instruction to jump out of loop */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices */
  int nIdx;              /* Number of indices that need updating */
  int nIdxTotal;         /* Total number of indices */
  int iCur;              /* VDBE Cursor number of pTab */
  sqlite *db;            /* The database structure */
  Index **apIdx = 0;     /* An array of indices that need updating too */
  char *aIdxUsed = 0;    /* aIdxUsed[i]==1 if the i-th index is used */
  int *aXRef = 0;        /* aXRef[i] is the index in pChanges->a[] of the
                         ** an expression for the i-th column of the table.
                         ** aXRef[i]==-1 if the i-th column is not changed. */
  int chngRecno;         /* True if the record number is being changed */
  Expr *pRecnoExpr;      /* Expression defining the new record number */
  int openAll;           /* True if all indices need to be opened */
  int isView;            /* Trying to update a view */
  int iStackDepth;       /* Index of memory cell holding stack depth */
  AuthContext sContext;  /* The authorization context */

  int before_triggers;         /* True if there are any BEFORE triggers */
  int after_triggers;          /* True if there are any AFTER triggers */
  int row_triggers_exist = 0;  /* True if any row triggers exist */

  int newIdx      = -1;  /* index of trigger "new" temp table       */
  int oldIdx      = -1;  /* index of trigger "old" temp table       */

  sContext.pParse = 0;
  if( pParse->nErr || sqlite_malloc_failed ) goto update_cleanup;
  db = pParse->db;
  assert( pTabList->nSrc==1 );
  iStackDepth = pParse->nMem++;

  /* Locate the table which we want to update. 
  */
  pTab = sqliteSrcListLookup(pParse, pTabList);
  if( pTab==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  before_triggers = sqliteTriggersExist(pParse, pTab->pTrigger, 
            TK_UPDATE, TK_BEFORE, TK_ROW, pChanges);
  after_triggers = sqliteTriggersExist(pParse, pTab->pTrigger, 
            TK_UPDATE, TK_AFTER, TK_ROW, pChanges);
  row_triggers_exist = before_triggers || after_triggers;
  isView = pTab->pSelect!=0;
  if( sqliteIsReadOnly(pParse, pTab, before_triggers) ){
    goto update_cleanup;
  }
  if( isView ){
    if( sqliteViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab) ){
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
  }
  aXRef = sqliteMalloc( sizeof(int) * pTab->nCol );
  if( aXRef==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++) aXRef[i] = -1;

  /* If there are FOR EACH ROW triggers, allocate cursors for the
  ** special OLD and NEW tables
  */
  if( row_triggers_exist ){
    newIdx = pParse->nTab++;
    oldIdx = pParse->nTab++;
  }

  /* Allocate a cursors for the main database table and for all indices.
  ** The index cursors might not be used, but if they are used they
  ** need to occur right after the database cursor.  So go ahead and
  ** allocate enough space, just in case.
  */
  pTabList->a[0].iCursor = iCur = pParse->nTab++;
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    pParse->nTab++;
  }

  /* Resolve the column names in all the expressions of the
  ** of the UPDATE statement.  Also find the column index
  ** for each column to be updated in the pChanges array.  For each
  ** column to be updated, make sure we have authorization to change
  ** that column.
  */
  chngRecno = 0;
  for(i=0; i<pChanges->nExpr; i++){
    if( sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, 0, pChanges->a[i].pExpr) ){
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
    if( sqliteExprCheck(pParse, pChanges->a[i].pExpr, 0, 0) ){
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
    for(j=0; j<pTab->nCol; j++){
      if( sqliteStrICmp(pTab->aCol[j].zName, pChanges->a[i].zName)==0 ){
        if( j==pTab->iPKey ){
          chngRecno = 1;
          pRecnoExpr = pChanges->a[i].pExpr;
        }
        aXRef[j] = i;
        break;
      }
    }
    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){
      if( sqliteIsRowid(pChanges->a[i].zName) ){
        chngRecno = 1;
        pRecnoExpr = pChanges->a[i].pExpr;
      }else{
        sqliteErrorMsg(pParse, "no such column: %s", pChanges->a[i].zName);
        goto update_cleanup;
      }
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
    {
      int rc;
      rc = sqliteAuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_UPDATE, pTab->zName,
                           pTab->aCol[j].zName, db->aDb[pTab->iDb].zName);
      if( rc==SQLITE_DENY ){
        goto update_cleanup;
      }else if( rc==SQLITE_IGNORE ){
        aXRef[j] = -1;
      }
    }
#endif
  }

  /* Allocate memory for the array apIdx[] and fill it with pointers to every
  ** index that needs to be updated.  Indices only need updating if their
  ** key includes one of the columns named in pChanges or if the record
  ** number of the original table entry is changing.
  */
  for(nIdx=nIdxTotal=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, nIdxTotal++){
    if( chngRecno ){
      i = 0;
    }else {
      for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
        if( aXRef[pIdx->aiColumn[i]]>=0 ) break;
      }
    }
    if( i<pIdx->nColumn ) nIdx++;
  }
  if( nIdxTotal>0 ){
    apIdx = sqliteMalloc( sizeof(Index*) * nIdx + nIdxTotal );
    if( apIdx==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
    aIdxUsed = (char*)&apIdx[nIdx];
  }
  for(nIdx=j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
    if( chngRecno ){
      i = 0;
    }else{
      for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
        if( aXRef[pIdx->aiColumn[i]]>=0 ) break;
      }
    }
    if( i<pIdx->nColumn ){
      apIdx[nIdx++] = pIdx;
      aIdxUsed[j] = 1;
    }else{
      aIdxUsed[j] = 0;
    }
  }

  /* Resolve the column names in all the expressions in the
  ** WHERE clause.
  */
  if( pWhere ){
    if( sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, pTabList, 0, pWhere) ){
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
    if( sqliteExprCheck(pParse, pWhere, 0, 0) ){
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
  }

  /* Start the view context
  */
  if( isView ){
    sqliteAuthContextPush(pParse, &sContext, pTab->zName);
  }

  /* Begin generating code.
  */
  v = sqliteGetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  sqliteBeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, pTab->iDb);

  /* If we are trying to update a view, construct that view into
  ** a temporary table.
  */
  if( isView ){
    Select *pView;
    pView = sqliteSelectDup(pTab->pSelect);
    sqliteSelect(pParse, pView, SRT_TempTable, iCur, 0, 0, 0);
    sqliteSelectDelete(pView);
  }

  /* Begin the database scan
  */
  pWInfo = sqliteWhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 1, 0);
  if( pWInfo==0 ) goto update_cleanup;

  /* Remember the index of every item to be updated.
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListWrite, 0, 0);

  /* End the database scan loop.
  */
  sqliteWhereEnd(pWInfo);

  /* Initialize the count of updated rows
  */
  if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows && !pParse->trigStack ){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, 0, 0);
  }

  if( row_triggers_exist ){
    /* Create pseudo-tables for NEW and OLD
    */
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_OpenPseudo, oldIdx, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_OpenPseudo, newIdx, 0);

    /* The top of the update loop for when there are triggers.
    */
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListRewind, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_StackDepth, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MemStore, iStackDepth, 1);
    loopStart = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MemLoad, iStackDepth, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_StackReset, 0, 0);
    jumpInst = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListRead, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0);

    /* Open a cursor and make it point to the record that is
    ** being updated.
    */
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0);
    if( !isView ){
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, pTab->iDb, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_OpenRead, iCur, pTab->tnum);
    }
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MoveTo, iCur, 0);

    /* Generate the OLD table
    */
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Recno, iCur, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_RowData, iCur, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_PutIntKey, oldIdx, 0);

    /* Generate the NEW table
    */
    if( chngRecno ){
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pRecnoExpr);
    }else{
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Recno, iCur, 0);
    }
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0);
        continue;
      }
      j = aXRef[i];
      if( j<0 ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Column, iCur, i);
      }else{
        sqliteExprCode(pParse, pChanges->a[j].pExpr);
      }
    }
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeRecord, pTab->nCol, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_PutIntKey, newIdx, 0);
    if( !isView ){
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, iCur, 0);
    }

    /* Fire the BEFORE and INSTEAD OF triggers
    */
    if( sqliteCodeRowTrigger(pParse, TK_UPDATE, pChanges, TK_BEFORE, pTab, 
          newIdx, oldIdx, onError, loopStart) ){
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
  }

  if( !isView ){
    /* 
    ** Open every index that needs updating.  Note that if any
    ** index could potentially invoke a REPLACE conflict resolution 
    ** action, then we need to open all indices because we might need
    ** to be deleting some records.
    */
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, pTab->iDb, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_OpenWrite, iCur, pTab->tnum);
    if( onError==OE_Replace ){
      openAll = 1;
    }else{
      openAll = 0;
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        if( pIdx->onError==OE_Replace ){
          openAll = 1;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
      if( openAll || aIdxUsed[i] ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->iDb, 0);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_OpenWrite, iCur+i+1, pIdx->tnum);
        assert( pParse->nTab>iCur+i+1 );
      }
    }

    /* Loop over every record that needs updating.  We have to load
    ** the old data for each record to be updated because some columns
    ** might not change and we will need to copy the old value.
    ** Also, the old data is needed to delete the old index entires.
    ** So make the cursor point at the old record.
    */
    if( !row_triggers_exist ){
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListRewind, 0, 0);
      jumpInst = loopStart = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListRead, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0);
    }
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, loopStart);

    /* If the record number will change, push the record number as it
    ** will be after the update. (The old record number is currently
    ** on top of the stack.)
    */
    if( chngRecno ){
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pRecnoExpr);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MustBeInt, 0, 0);
    }

    /* Compute new data for this record.  
    */
    for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
      if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0);
        continue;
      }
      j = aXRef[i];
      if( j<0 ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Column, iCur, i);
      }else{
        sqliteExprCode(pParse, pChanges->a[j].pExpr);
      }
    }

    /* Do constraint checks
    */
    sqliteGenerateConstraintChecks(pParse, pTab, iCur, aIdxUsed, chngRecno, 1,
                                   onError, loopStart);

    /* Delete the old indices for the current record.
    */
    sqliteGenerateRowIndexDelete(db, v, pTab, iCur, aIdxUsed);

    /* If changing the record number, delete the old record.
    */
    if( chngRecno ){
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Delete, iCur, 0);
    }

    /* Create the new index entries and the new record.
    */
    sqliteCompleteInsertion(pParse, pTab, iCur, aIdxUsed, chngRecno, 1, -1);
  }

  /* Increment the row counter 
  */
  if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows && !pParse->trigStack){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_AddImm, 1, 0);
  }

  /* If there are triggers, close all the cursors after each iteration
  ** through the loop.  The fire the after triggers.
  */
  if( row_triggers_exist ){
    if( !isView ){
      for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
        if( openAll || aIdxUsed[i] )
          sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, iCur+i+1, 0);
      }
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, iCur, 0);
      pParse->nTab = iCur;
    }
    if( sqliteCodeRowTrigger(pParse, TK_UPDATE, pChanges, TK_AFTER, pTab, 
          newIdx, oldIdx, onError, loopStart) ){
      goto update_cleanup;
    }
  }

  /* Repeat the above with the next record to be updated, until
  ** all record selected by the WHERE clause have been updated.
  */
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, loopStart);
  sqliteVdbeChangeP2(v, jumpInst, sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v));
  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_ListReset, 0, 0);

  /* Close all tables if there were no FOR EACH ROW triggers */
  if( !row_triggers_exist ){
    for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
      if( openAll || aIdxUsed[i] ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, iCur+i+1, 0);
      }
    }
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, iCur, 0);
    pParse->nTab = iCur;
  }else{
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, newIdx, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, oldIdx, 0);
  }

  sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SetCounts, 0, 0);
  sqliteEndWriteOperation(pParse);

  /*
  ** Return the number of rows that were changed.
  */
  if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows && !pParse->trigStack ){
    sqliteVdbeOp3(v, OP_ColumnName, 0, 1, "rows updated", P3_STATIC);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Callback, 1, 0);
  }

update_cleanup:
  sqliteAuthContextPop(&sContext);
  sqliteFree(apIdx);
  sqliteFree(aXRef);
  sqliteSrcListDelete(pTabList);
  sqliteExprListDelete(pChanges);
  sqliteExprDelete(pWhere);
  return;
}

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